Catov, J. M., Lee, M., Roberts, J. M., Xu, J., & Simhan, H. N., "Race Disparities and Decreasing Birth Weight: Are All Babies Getting Smaller?," American Journal of Epidemiology, 2016, 183(1), 15-23. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwv194.
The mean infant birth weight in the United States increased for decades, but it might now be decreasing. Given race disparities in fetal growth, we explored race-specific trends in birth weight at Magee-Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from 1997 to 2011. Among singleton births delivered at 37-41 weeks (n = 70,607), we evaluated the proportions who were small for gestational age and large for gestational age and changes in mean birth weights over time. Results were stratified by maternal race/ethnicity. Since 1997, the number of infants ... Read more